They are two major diabetes types that exist: type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Both kinds of diabetes are chronic disorders that affect the body’s blood sugar or blood glucose control. Glucose is the food that feeds the cells of the body, but a key is required to get into the cells. That’s the secret to insulin.
Insulin does not exist in patients with type 1 diabetes.
Insulin does not adapt to patients with type 2 diabetes as often as they can, and also may not contain enough insulin later in the disease. You may think knowingly that it has a broken key.
Both forms of diabetes can cause blood sugar to be chronically elevated. This raises the risk of complications of diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes types 1 and 2 can have symptoms such as:
- Frequent urination
- Sedated feeling
- Always feeling very sleepy
- Blurry vision
- Slow healing of wounds or sores
- Frequent infections
- Increased thirst
Causes of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
In order to prevent external attacks, including dangerous viruses and bacteria, the body’s immune system is responsible.
The immune system errors the corporal healthy cells for alien invaders in individuals with Type 1 diabetes. The immune system is responsible for targeting and killing beta cells that contain insulin in the pancreas. The body is unable to generate insulin after these beta cells are killed.
Often the immune systems assault the body’s cells, researchers don’t realize. It can be linked to genetic and environmental causes, such as virus exposure. Autoimmune development is underway.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin resistance is normal in people with type 2 diabetes. The body also produces insulin, but cannot properly use it.
Investigators do not know how insulin-resistant certain individuals, while others are not, although many lifestyle factors, including their inactivity and excess weight, may contribute.
There may also be other genetic and environmental influences. Your pancreas can attempt to compensate by making extra insulin when you develop type 2 diabetes. Glucose accumulates in the bloodstream when your body is unable to properly produce insulin.
Risk Factors for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Risk Factors for Type 1 Diabetes
The history of the family matters, anyone with a parent or a sibling with type 1 diabetes has a significantly higher chance of having the disease. The presence of certain genes suggests an elevated risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
While type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, it occurs at two visible peaks. The first peak occurs in children between 4 and 7 years of age, and the second in children between 10 and 14 years of age.
Also, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes continues to rise as you move away from the equator.
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Getting fat or obese is a big risk. Keeping fat predominantly in your abdomen instead of your hips and thighs can lead to a higher risk.
The risk of type 2 diabetes rises when you have a parent or sibling that has type 2 diabetes. The less physically active you are, the higher your risk. Physical exercise helps regulate your weight, it uses glucose as energy and makes your cells more insulin-sensitive. Also, Type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, from age 45 upward.
Pre-diabetes is also a disorder in which the blood sugar is higher than average, but not elevated enough to be labeled as diabetes. Unchecked, pre-diabetes leads to type 2 diabetes.
Can Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes be Diagnosed?
A1C or hemoglobin glycid is known for the key examination used to detect type 1 and type 2 with diabetes.
In the last two to three months, this blood test will assess the normal blood sugar. You can have your blood drawn or a little poke on your finger.
In recent months, the greater your blood sugar levels, the greater your A1C level. As a percentage, test results are expressed. Diabetes is seen at an A1C average of 6.5% or higher.
For people with sickle cell anemia or sickle cell function, the A1C test is not correct. Your doctor would have to take a separate examination whether you have this disorder or characteristic.
Can Type 1 and type 2 Diabetes be Treated?
For Type 1 diabetes, there is no treatment. People with type 1 diabetes can not manufacture insulin, so it has to be pumped daily into the bloodstream.
The test of blood sugar is a vital aspect of diabetes type 1 treatment as levels can rise and decrease rapidly.
Type 2 diabetes can be treated and even cured by diet and exercise alone, but often patients require additional assistance. If improvements in your lifestyle are not adequate, your doctor can prescribe medication to help your body make better use of insulin.
Your blood sugar control, too, is an important aspect of the treatment of type 2 diabetes. This is the only way to determine if the goal level is reached.
Your doctor can prescribe often or more regularly monitoring your blood sugar. Your doctor may prescribe insulin injections if your blood glucose levels are elevated.