DiabetesEditor's Pick

20 Most Popular Diabetes Drugs

Diabetes is a group of diseases that results into excess sugar in the blood (i.e., high blood sugar or glucose). Excess sugar in the blood with the insulin produced by the pancreas not being enough or efficiently used by the body results to diabetes.

Now that you have been diagnosed with diabetes, what’s next? Lots of medical conditions can be treated and diabetes is one of them. Treatment does not imply it will be cured, but rather controlled or regulated. Once diagnosed with diabetes, treatment is important to avoid severe health issues. The heart could be at risk of damage, both genders could become impotent, high chance of stroke, eye problem or vision loss, neuropathy, or kidney disease with possible need for dialysis are a possible outcome of non-treatment or poor management. Just as we have tons of anti-malaria drugs to choose from, there are lots of diabetic drugs to help manage your sugar (or glucose) level.

Before we talk about popular diabetic drugs, it is important to read the note under this sentence.

NOTE: Never be sure to use similar medication treatments with someone who is also diabetic. This is because your diabetes diagnosis can be different from that person. Everyone including you will need diverse medication combinations and treatments. With the aid of your doctor and the varieties of drugs available for purchase, your treatment and combination can manage your sugar level equally just as your friend’s combination does.

Let’s see 20 most popular diabetic drugs and what diabetes type can use it. Some drugs are strictly for type-2 diabetes, so if you have been diagnosed for type-one diabetes, using these drugs might be dangerous or ineffective for you. So, let’s delve right in:

  1. Metformin:

Metformin comes in different brands such as Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet, Glucophage, and Glucophage XR. This drug comes in tablet form and it is strictly used to treat type-2 diabetes only. It is particularly used for overweight or obese people. These drugs are only available by prescription by the doctor.

Extra: Metformin is in a class of drugs known as biguanides (they reduce the production of glucose which happens during digestion).

 

 

  1. Januvia:

Sitagliptin oral tablet is available as the brand name drug Januvia. It comes only in tablet format and used to treat type-2 diabetes. It tends to increase the incretin hormones in the body which helps in controlling blood sugar. Januvia can only be gotten strictly by doctor’s prescription.

Extra: Januvia belongs to the class of drugs known as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. They are used alongside dieting and exercising to control high blood sugar.

  1. Victoza:

Liraglutide, sold under the brand name Victoza comes as an injection solution. It is a medicine indicated for the management of type-2 diabetes. They act like incretin hormones and also suppress appetite and inhibit glucagon secretion. This drug can only be sold on prescription. Victoza alongside dieting and exercising are combined to modify glycemic control.

Extra: Victoza belong to the drug class incretin mimetics (GLP-1 agonists).

  1. Invokana:

Invokana, which is the brand name for Canagliflozin is used in treating type-2 diabetes. It comes only in tablet format and not injection solution. Invokana is a medication that works with the kidney to remove excess sugar from the body through urine and regulates blood sugar level. Invokana cannot be bought over the counter as prescription is required.

Extra: SGLT-2 inhibitors (gliflozins) is the drug class name for Invokana.

  1. Lantus:

Insulin glargine, marketed under the brand name Lantus is a long-acting insulin. It is used in the treatment of type-1 and type-2 diabetes. This drug comes only in injection solution. It is administered to help control blood sugar level. Lantus can only be gotten by prescription. It is one of the most popular diabetes drugs.

Extra: Its drug class is Insulin

To see a more detailed list involving more insulin drugs, click here.

  1. Farxiga:

Dapagliflozin oral tablet is available as the brand name drug Farxiga. This medication is used to majorly treat type-2 diabetes but can also be used for type-1 diabetes based on certain restrictions. It comes only in tablets. It works to reduce the blood sugar level of diabetic patients by aiding the kidney to remove excess sugar from the body through urine. Farxiga can only be gotten by prescription.

Extra: SGLT-2 inhibitors (gliflozins) is the drug class name for Farxiga.

  1. Bydureon:

This drug comes as an injection solution and it is strictly used to treat type-2 diabetes only. Bydureon is the brand name for medication, Exenatide. Bydureon is an injection solution and can only be gotten via prescription.

Extra: Bydureon belongs to the class of drugs known as incretin mimetics (GLP-1 agonists). They are used alongside dieting and exercising to control high blood sugar.

  1. Lyxumia

Lixisenatide is sold under the brand name Lyxumia. Lyxumia is an injection solution. It is injected under the skin the abdomen, upper arm or thigh depending on doctor’s directives. They are used to help lower blood sugar level. It increases the amount of insulin the pancreas produces. This medication is strictly used for type-2 diabetes. It can only be bought if prescribed by the doctor.

Extra: Lyxumia belongs to the class of drugs known as incretin mimetics (GLP-1 agonists).

  1. Jardiance:

Empagliflozin is a popular diabetes drug. It is an oral tablet which is available as the brand name drug Jardiance. It is a medication combined with exercise and diet to treat type-2 diabetes. It reduces the ability of the kidney to reabsorb sugar or glucose back into the blood. Just as most diabetic drugs, Jardiance can only be gotten via prescription.

Extra: Jardiance’s drug class is SGLT-2 inhibitors (gliflozins).

  1. Trulicity:

Dulaglutide is marketed under the name Trulicity. Trulicity is strictly used for type-2 diabetes. It comes only in injection solution form and can only be gotten by prescription.

Extra: Trulicity belongs to the class of drugs known as incretin mimetics (GLP-1 agonists). They are used alongside dieting and exercising to control high blood sugar.

  1. Amaryl:

Glimepiride is the generic name for Amaryl. It comes in a tablet drug form and its medication is used to help control the blood sugar levels by increasing the insulin sensitivity of the body. Amaryl is used for treating type-2 diabetes. Via prescription is the only way to getting this drug.

Extra: Amaryl belongs to the Sulfonylureas drug class.

  1. Actos:

Actos is the brand name for Pioglitazone which is an anti-diabetic drug. Actos is used to treat type-2 diabetes. It improves glycemic control by reducing insulin resistance in the body. This medication only comes in tablet form. One can only get it when prescribed and not over the counter. It is not recommended for type-1 diabetes.

Extra: Its drug class is Thiazolidinediones (oral medicine that lowers blood sugar level).

 

  1. Levemir:

Insulin detemir is sold under the brand name Levemir. Levemir is a medication used for type-1 and type-2 diabetes.  It helps control the blood sugar level in diabetic patients. Similar to most diabetes drugs, it can only be gotten by prescription. This drug comes as an injection solution which is used by injecting under the skin.

Extra: Levemir is classed under Insulin.

  1. Janumet:

Janumet is a drug in tablet form which alongside dieting and exercising, helps in lowering blood sugar. It contains two medications, Sitagliptin and Metformin. Sitagliptin help lower blood sugar level while Metformin decreases the amount of sugar the liver makes and helps cells respond to insulin. This medication is strictly used for type-2 diabetes. It can only be bought if prescribed by the doctor.

Extra: Janumet belongs to the class of drugs known as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and Biguanides.

  1. Prandin:

Repaglinide is sold under the brand name Prandin. This tablet drug is used alone or alongside diet and exercise to control high blood sugar. It is an anti-diabetic drug which helps lower blood glucose level by simulating insulin release by the pancreas into the blood. It is used for type-2 diabetes. Prandin is only available by prescription and cannot be given over the counter.

Extra: Prandin is classed under Meglitinide (short-acting insulin).

  1. Humalog Mix:

There are different types of Humalog mix such as Mix25 and Mix50. Mix25 consists of 25% insulin lispro solution and 75% insulin lispro protamine suspension. Mix50 consists of 50% insulin lispro solution and 50% insulin lispro protamine suspension. Humalog Mix is only available by prescription and cannot be given over the counter. They come as solution which go into the cartridge-pen (injection). Humalog Mix cannot be gotten over the counter; only by prescription.

Extra: Humalog Mix is classed under Insulin.

 

  1. Byetta:

Exenatide is sold under the brand name Byetta. Byetta comes in injection solution form. It is injected under the skin the abdomen, upper arm or thigh depending on doctor’s directives. They are used to help lower blood sugar level. It increases the amount of insulin the pancreas produces. This medication is strictly used for type-2 diabetes. It can only be bought if prescribed by the doctor.

Extra: Byetta belongs to the class of drugs known as incretin mimetics (GLP-1 agonists).

 

  1. Glipizide:

Glipizide is a tablet anti-diabetic drug which aid the pancreas in increasing its insulin production which in turn results to reduced blood sugar levels. It can only be administered through prescription. Glipizide is used in treating type-2 diabetes.

Extra: Glipizide belongs to the Sulfonylureas drug class.

  1. Onglyza:

Saxagliptin is sold under the brand name Onglyza. It comes in tablet form. It is an oral hypoglycemic agent used for type-2 diabetes to control blood sugar by increasing the body’s incretin hormones.  Onglyza can only be gotten via prescription.

Extra: Onglyza belongs to the class of drugs known as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. They are used alongside dieting and exercising to control high blood sugar.

  1. Glyburide:

Glibenclamide is also known as glyburide. Some known brands names of DiaBeta, Glycron, Glynase, and Glynase PresTab. This medication comes in tablet form and is used in treating type-2 diabetes. They are used alongside dieting and exercising to control high blood sugar. This drug can only be gotten by prescription.

Extra: Glyburide belongs to the Sulfonylureas drug class.

Conclusion

There are more popular diabetes drugs asides the 20 listed above but nearly all diabetes drugs (Click Here to find more) require doctor’s prescription. A few can be gotten over the counter such as Humulin, regular Insulin, and Novolin. It is important to buy these medications according to doctor’s prescription and not self-assumption. Every diabetic patient has one or a combination of drugs available to help in regulating the blood sugar level to live a healthy life.

Extra: See a doctor! Follow prescription diligently!! Live a healthy life!!!

 

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